Disinfectants are chemical agents used to reduce the number of decent microorganisms on the pharmaceutical surface to acceptable levels. Disinfectants have various properties that include a spectrum of activity, action mode, and effectiveness. Some bacteriostatic, where the ability of the bacterial population to reproduce is stopped.
In this case, disinfectants can cause selective and reversible changes in microbial cells by interacting with nucleic acid and inhibiting enzymes, or soaking into the cell wall. After the disinfectant is removed from contact with bacterial cells, the population of bacteria that still lives has the potential to grow. You can consider the best effective disinfecting services to sanitize your house from experts.
Another disinfectant is bactericidal because they destroy bacterial cells and cause irreversible damage through different mechanisms that include structural damage to cells, cell lysis, and autolysis, producing leaks or cytoplasm coagulation. The destruction of bacterial and fungal spores is a property that is a disinfectant provided or may not have.
Disinfectants can be categorized into groups with chemical properties, the spectrum of activity, or action mode. Some disinfectants, on entering microbial cells are good with disruption of membranes or through diffusion, continue to act on intracellular components.
Non-oxidized disinfectants: The majority of disinfectants in this group have certain action modes of microorganisms and generally have a lower spectrum of activities compared to oxidizing disinfectants. This disinfectant includes alcohol. Alcohol has antibacterial actions against vegetative cells.
Oxidizing disinfectants: This disinfectant group generally has non-specific action modes of microorganisms. They have a broader spectrum of activities than non-oxidizing disinfectants with most types that can damage bacterial endospores. Disinfectants in this group pose a greater risk to human health.